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Land Webinar | Cultural Landscapes: Old and New Challenges for Sustainability

Part of the Land Webinar Series series
13 May 2021, 12:00

Land Management, Landscape, Cultural Landscapes, Landscape Sustainability
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Webinar Information

1st Land Webinar

Cultural Landscapes: Old and New Challenges for Sustainability

Cultural landscapes have developed through human activities aimed at providing food, raw materials and shelter. Social and economic changes are putting them under multiple pressures: abandonment and land use intensification are trends affecting cultural landscapes in many regions. Loss of biodiversity, of ecosystem functions and of essential contributions to human well-being are the consequence.

The responses to these trends are necessarily complex, ranging from legal tools to incentive-based schemes and from reviving traditional management systems to developing novel approaches with new actors becoming involved in maintaining cultural landscapes.

In this webinar, we will use the Global Assessment Report adopted by the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) in 2019 as a starting point to discuss patterns of change in cultural landscapes. We will explore how scientific information in combination with traditional and local knowledge can contribute to sustainable solutions to the multiple challenges for cultural landscapes. We will focus in particular on the development of stakeholder networks to support their implementation.

We invite researchers and practitioners involved in studying and managing cultural landscapes to join the webinar. Contributions to the discussion during the webinar are welcome. We further invite contributions to a special issue on the topic of cultural landscapes in the journal Land.

Date: 13 May 2021

Time: 12.00pm CEST | 6.00am EDT | 6.00pm CST Asia

Webinar ID: 928 5895 2258

Webinar Secretariat: [email protected]

Chairs: Prof. Dr. Stefan Hotes & Prof. Dr. Tomohiro Ichinose

The following experts will present and talk:

Prof. Dr. Stefan Hotes, Laboratory of Applied Landscape Ecology, Chuo University, Tokyo, Japan

Stefan Hotes studies how ecosystems and people interact, focusing on wetlands, agricultural areas and forests. The purpose of the research is to find sustainable development pathways for cultural landscapes that take the resilience of social-ecological systems into account.

Prof. Dr. Hotes heads the Laboratory of Applied Landscape Ecology at the Faculty of Science and Engineering, Chuo University, Tokyo, Japan

Prof. Dr. Tomohiro Ichinose, Faculty of Environment and Information Studies, Keio University, Fujisawa, Japan

Tomohiro Ichinose conducts research on ecological network planning methods in cities, landscape changes in suburban and rural areas, depopulation and ageing problem in remote areas of Japan.

He is professor at the Faculty of Environment and Information Studies, Keio University, Shonan Fujisawa Campus, Fujisawa, Japan.

Prof. Dr. Josef Settele, Department of Conservation Biology and Social-Ecological Systems, UFZ – Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Halle, Germany

Josef Settele focuses on the interface of land use, climate and biological diversity. He was co-chair of the Global Assessment of IPBES, contributed to the IPBES Asia-Pacific and Pollination Assessments, and he was Coordinating Lead Author of the 5th Assessment Report of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change - IPCC.

Prof. Dr. Settele heads the Department of Conservation Biology and Social-Ecological Systems at the UFZ – Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research in Halle/Germany, and is professor of ecology at the Martin-Luther-University of Halle-Wittenberg.

Dr. Flore Lafaye de Micheaux, IUCN Secretariat, Switzerland

Flore Lafaye de Micheaux has +20 year experience in sustainable development policies, focusing on water and flood management as well as ecosystem restoration. She holds a PhD in Political Ecology (University of Lausanne) and has worked in Ethiopia, France and India.

Dr. Lafaye de Micheaux is IPBES Programme Officer at the IUCN Secretariat in Switzerland where she is in charge of strengthening science-policy interfaces for biodiversity through the IUCN-IPBES strategic partnership. She has played a key role in the formalization of the open-ended network of IPBES Stakeholders (ONet).

Prof. Dr. Marie Stenseke, School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg, Sweden

Marie Stenseke focuses on biodiversity, nature conservation and landscape management from a social science perspective. Marie is also co-chair of the Multidisciplinary Expert Panel of IPBES. She led the initiative to create the Social Sciences and Humanities Network within the open-ended network of IPBES Stakeholders (ONet).

Marie is a full professor in human geography and deputy dean at the School of business, economics and law, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.

Ms. Yesenia Hernández, NGO “Rueda de Medicina”

Yesenia Hernández works on biocultural protocols and territory governance for indigenous peoples and local communities. Her presentation focuses on biocultural landscapes and biocultural protocols as a tool for understanding and protecting local knowledge about landscape management and particular species.

Dr. Hernández is affiliated with the NGO “Rueda de Medicina” as well as several UN organizations including IPBES, the UNESCO World Heritage Convention and the Women and Biodiversity Caucus of the Convention on Biological Diversity.

Dr. Maiko Nishi, International Satoyama Initiative, United Nations University Institute for the Advances Study of Sustainability

Maiko Nishi studies social-ecological system governance, local and regional planning and agricultural land policy. In particular, her interest lies in multi-level governance, landscape approaches, land tenure and use, and subjectivities of institutional actors in governing natural resources.

Dr. Nishi works as a research fellow for the International Satoyama Initiative at United Nations University Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability (UNU-IAS).

Prof. Dr. Brice Sinsin, Laboratory of Applied Ecology, University of Abomey-Calavi, Republic of Benin

Brice Sinsin studies the link between Protected Areas (PA) gazettment issues and local communities who claim rights as key actors in the process of management of PA established in their localities, and so far their ownership as first beneficiaries of the related job opportunities even if PAs are of national concern.

Prof. Dr. Sinsin is the Director of the Laboratory of Applied Ecology, University of Abomey-Calavi, Republic of Benin.

Prof. Dr. Damasa Macandog, Institute of Biological Sciences, University of the Philippines Los Baños

Damasa Macandog conducts research on land use change and its impacts on biodiversity and hydrologic balance, biodiversity information systems, ecological carrying capacity of freshwater lakes, mangrove ecosystem services in coastal hazard mitigation and marine plastic litter.

Damasa is professor of Plant Ecology, Institute of Biological Sciences, University of the Philippines Los Baños.

Program

Segment

Contents

Speaker

Time in CEST

Introduction

Cultural Landscapes: Science, Policy and Practice

Stefan Hotes & Tomohiro Ichinose

12h00

IPBES Assessments

Cultural Landscapes From the Perspective of the IPBES Global Assessment

Josef Settele

12h10

IPBES Stakeholder Networks

Building the Open-Ended Network of IPBES Stakeholders

Flore Lafaye de Micheaux & Marie Stenseke

12h35

The role of local knowledge for the management of cultural landscapes

Biocultural Protocols to Help In Protecting Local Knowledge About Landscape Management and Particular Species

Yesenia Hernández

12h45

Experiences from the Satoyama Initiative

Working With Stakeholders to Maintain Cultural Landscapes - A Decade of Efforts by the Satoyama Initiative

Maiko Nishi

12h55

The role of social structure for the management of cultural landscapes

Impact of Historical Cultural Landscape Ownership on the Management of National Protected Areas in West Africa

Brice Sinsin

13h05

Scientific base for sustainable cultural landscapes in the Philippines

Applying Scientific Knowledge for the Sustainable Management of Cultural Landscapes - The Case of the Muyong-Payoh System in the Ifugao Region of Luzon, Philippines

Damasa Macandog

13h15

Discussion among the speakers

Can Modern Lifestyles Support Traditional Landscapes?

Facilitators: Flore Lafaye de Micheaux & Stefan Hotes

13h25

Summary & opportunities for further engagement

Summary & Outlook

Flore Lafaye de Micheaux, Maiko Nishi & Stefan Hotes

13h55

Webinar Content

On Thursday, 13 May 2021, MDPI and the Journal Land organized the 1st Webinar on Land, entitled "Cultural Landscapes: Old and New Challenges for Sustainability". This online seminar was chaired by Prof. Dr. Stefan Hotes, Chuo University, Japan, and by Prof. Dr. Tomohiro Ichinose, Keio University, Japan. Worrld-wide speakers gave their vision on how scientific information together with traditional and local knowledge can contribute to sustainable solutions to the multiple challenges for cultural landscapes.

The first speaker to kick-off the webinar was Dr. Marie Stenseke, on behalf of Prof. Dr. Josef Settele, and presented IPBES Assessments. Next, she and Dr. Flore Lafaye de Micheaux covered the topic of IPBES Stakeholder Networks. The third speaker was Yesenia Hernández and presented the role of local knowledge for the management of cultural landscapes in Mexican indigenous communities. Then, Dr. Maiko Nishi shared experiences from the Satoyama Initiative. Prof. Dr. Brice Sinsin followed and presented the role of local knowledge for the management of cultural landscapes in West Africa. Finally, Prof. Dr. Damasa Macandog showed how scientific knowledge is applied for sustainable cultural landscapes in the Philippines.

The webinar was offered via Zoom and required registration to attend. The full recording can be found below. In order to stay updated on the next webinars on Land, be sure to sign up for our newsletter by clicking on “Subscribe” at the top of the page.

Relevant Special Issue

Guest Editors: Prof. Dr. Stefan Hotes & Prof. Dr. Tomohiro Ichinose
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 12 December 2021

Cultural landscapes include a broad range of landscape types that share one common feature: they have been altered from their natural state to cater to human needs. Based on this general definition, rural areas used for agriculture and forestry as well as urban areas dominated by housing, industry and technical infrastructure fall within the category of cultural landscapes.

Much of the scientific and political debate about sustainability focuses on the way we manage cultural landscapes. To provide scientifically sound information in support of decision-making to achieve sustainable lifestyles, links between ecological, social and economic components of cultural landscapes need to be elucidated, and feedback mechanisms that determine how they develop through time need to be quantified.

Trends towards increasing intensity of land use in many regions of the world are contrasted by land abandonment and depopulation in others. Deliberate measures to reduce land-use intensity or to ‘rewild’ parts of cultural landscapes are also contributing to the complexity of development trajectories. This complexity presents challenges for decision-makers aiming to balance multiple functions of cultural landscapes. The concept of ecosystem services provides a framework for the analysis of synergies and trade-offs among the different needs of human societies in relation to cultural landscapes.

This special issue focuses on innovative approaches that enhance our understanding of the functioning of cultural landscapes from local to regional scales. In addition to studies on the provision of and demand for ecosystem services in rural areas, analyses of interactions along rural-urban gradients are within its scope. Contributions that integrate different scientific disciplines and collaboration with practitioners as well as evidence pertaining to the effects of technological or social innovations on ecosystem services are particularly welcome.

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